The car is the most used form of transportation in the world and since its creation in the 19th century it has undergone many changes and changes, with an emphasis on its mass production in the 20th century. Such importance got its own day. Car Day is celebrated today, May 13, and to celebrate we’ve prepared this little post with its twists.
Car Day: How the Automobile Has Changed in Its 120+ Year History
The first patent car was the Benz-Patent Motorwagen, designed by Karls Benz. With a single-cylinder gasoline engine, the model is considered by many to be the first modern car. So much so that the company founded by Karls became the famous Mercedes-Benz.
And it was the invention of the combustion engine that was a watershed in automobile production. In 19886 another German named Gottlieb Daimler presented the world with the first car with an internal combustion engine. The most modern, the car can reach up to 16 km / h.
And the combustion engine really took the car to another level, but they only started being made on the assembly line in the early 1900s by Ford. The American brand developed an assembly line system, increasing productivity and reducing costs. It was during this time that cars became more available to the public.
A ford produced the “Model A” in 1904, however, only in 1908 was it able to attract the attention of the market with the powerful “Ford T”, which, with all the technical part, discovered the whole industry with series production.
In the same year, in England, Rolls Royce arrived on the market that introduced a radiator, responsible for air exchange for engine cooling. The curiosity of the brand is that even over the years, the radiator remained the same as the invention.
In the following years, Europe continued to increase its fleet of automobiles and manufacturing companies. In France, for example, De Dion Bouton, Berliet and Rapid appeared, in Italy, fiat and Alfa-Romeo, while Spain and Switzerland sought to work on a more powerful and luxurious line: Hispano-Suiza.
All these developers had something in common: the use of concepts for the production of series. The idea is that each worker had a role on the assembly line.
And it really worked. In 1913, Ford already created the Ford T in 84 steps. Which increased the daily production capacity by five times. In addition, the price of each unit has dropped by more than 30%.
Completed in the 20th century, many inventions marked the era, working together to increase manufacturing efficiency. In addition, people started choosing a car based on brand, performance and status.
In the 1930s, for example, car manufacturers began using statistical graphics as tools to guide production. Initially, production was complicated due to several parts, tools and specialists working and then it started to become a data base and control within the assembly line.
Car in Brazil
Development of the cars have just arrived in Brazil and other South American countries after World War II. Although some companies brought their assemblies to these countries, it was only in 1956, under the JK government, that international organizations started assembling cars here.
The first were trucks, vans, vans, Jeep and then passenger cars.
The concepts of advertising and marketing only came into use in the 1970s, with the pioneering spirit of GMwhich improved its management systems and marketing methods.
The brand launched different models of cars aimed at different audiences, as well as expanding the range of colors. It ended up working and GM was able to take Ford’s hegemony as the world’s largest manufacturer.
Ford, not to be forgotten, introduced the concept of lean production in the 1980s, which was soon adopted by other car manufacturers. The idea is to change the product and focus on the quality of the cars delivered.
From that time, manufacturers focused more on the production process and ended up offering the manufacturing of equipment. Which was decisive for the creation of industrial parks, in which several companies work to supply parts to car manufacturers. A pattern that continues to this day.
Since the discovery of various sources of fuel, gasoline has become the main fuel for automobiles. In the 1990s, the first significant hybrids began to arrive on the market.
In Brazil, the first electric hybrid arrived in 1998. toyota prius it was considered an evolution.
Still in the stage of study and implementation, autonomous vehicles are also appearing on the market. The system adopted by the new EX90 from volvo it has one of the modern “pilot assistant” systems, which uses cameras and sensors to help the driver. Apart from that, the car has one of the most advanced safety systems.
Amazing facts about car evolution and car day
It was only at the World Exhibition of 1889, held in Paris, that the car was announced to the whole world. Before that, few people knew about the invention and interest was limited and restrictions were limited.
The first automobile race in history took place on July 22, 1894, between the French cities of Paris and Rouen. 32 cars took part, but only 8 finished the race, beating Panhard Et Lavassor and Peugeot.
The first car tire was launched in 1895 by the French company Michelin.
The first car arrived in Brazil in 1893, bought by the inventor of the plane, Santos Dumont of Brazil.
May 13 is Automobile Day and November 10 is Automobile Industry Day.
Currently the fastest car in the world is the Koenigsegg Agera, which can reach 447.19 km / h.
The evolution of the car is an ongoing process and is full of great changes. From the creation of the first combustion cars to the invention of autopilot cars, the automotive industry shows strong evolution.