Historical factories produce culture  istanbulturkiyegazetesi.com

Historical factories produce culture istanbulturkiyegazetesi.com

Some of them were the largest shoe factories of their time, others were tobacco, others were paper… These industrial areas, which served as a source of bread for thousands of homes and decayed over time, took on a new mission. Industrial areas that once belched industrial smoke become the most important centers of cultural industry.


Industrial centers, which were previously the most important obstacles to the economic development of the country, but lost their functions over time, became cultural and touristic centers of cities undergoing industrial urban transformation. With this renewal work, which is called ‘industrial archaeology’ in the literature, the buildings of the century begin to give new benefits to the cities. Industrial parks in many countries; Although there are examples such as Izmit Sekapark and Bursa Merinospark in Turkey, it is more common for century-old factory buildings to turn into cultural and tourist centers one after the other.


Historic industrial buildings find their place in architectural literature as ‘industrial heritage’. The most industrial heritage in the world is found in Europe, where the industrialization movement began. The legendary factories, which were the pioneers of the industrialization of the Ottoman Empire in Turkey, form today’s converted industrial heritage sites. These places, each of which has acquired a new identity and a different function, are also an important pillar of a small tourism sector that is finding its place as industrial heritage tourism in the world. With the transformation of these places as industrial heritage, especially Istanbul, Izmir and Manisa are candidates to be among the important places of industrial tourism.


According to the data of the end of the year 2022 of the Ministry of Culture and Tourism, there are 112,000 144 immovable cultural properties in Turkey. About 4 percent of them are industrial and commercial buildings. The city with the highest industrial heritage value is İzmir. According to the Ministry’s data, there are 762 industrial heritage treasures in İzmir, followed by İstanbul with 688 units and Manisa with 485 units. It is possible to find traces of industrial heritage in 71 out of 81 regions of Turkey.


In Turkey, the transformation of industrial areas, especially with high urbanization, accelerated after the 1980s. While these areas continue to be used for different functions, the transformed aspects of the industrial heritage stimulate more tourism. Turkey’s efforts to become a member of the International Committee for the Protection of Industrial Heritage (TICCIH), which deals with the protection of the world’s industrial heritage, are also ongoing.


Europe, where industrialization efforts began, also provides important destinations for followers of industrial heritage tourism. Originating in Germany, the European Industrial Heritage Tourism Route Association (ERIH) aims to gather industrial tourism routes in Europe under one roof. It is possible to access thematic tourism routes in the field of industry by means of a map in which the data of the member countries of the association is processed. There are 21 industrial tourism sites included in the ERIH system of industrial heritage tourism, which started in England. Tour companies organize special tours for these areas divided into groups.


Mimar Sinan Art University Faculty Member Prof. Dr. Ahmet Tercan said that cities have become centers of attraction and the transformation of industrial cities. Tercan said that historical factories have architectural materials that are very suitable for cultural and artistic activities and said: “However, in reworking the industrial heritage, the place of the building in the historical process and the effects of its period must be preserved. . For to rework, the building and its surroundings turn into an urban and cultural attraction. It becomes a public space where people spend time and socialize. Today, industrial structures; It represents a very important area in our cultural life and its meaning and dimensions of the memories of social that are derived from the technological, scientific and social values ​​they carry.


Beykoz, which is the most important center of glass art in Istanbul, got its first modern glass factory with Beykoz Glass and Billurât Fabrika-i Hümâyûnu, established in 1844. The characteristic of the historical factory building, which has changed into the museum visited today under the National Palace, is due to the fact that it is the center that produces the glassware of the Dolmabahçe Palace.


Assoc. Dr. Şefik Memiş-Istanbul Business University Faculty Member: Istanbul has been an important base for international trade from Byzantium to the Ottoman Empire and the Republic of Turkey. We can trace the industrial heritage of the city that lives today in the Galata-Tophane area. The area, which was run by ITO as Tophane Warehouse Administration for a while, and later served as Ford’s assembly center in Istanbul, today welcomes visitors as Galataport. The Tophane area, where the core of the industrial heritage is formed by factories such as Tophane-i Amire, is a snapshot of Istanbul’s economic history.


The Cibali Tobacco Factory, one of the largest capacity factories of the Ottoman Empire, had the most advanced technology of those years. The factory, where 2 thousand tons of tobacco is processed daily, has been providing education as Kadir Has University since 2001.


Lengerhane-i Amire, located on the shores of the Golden Horn, one of the most important industrial centers of the Ottoman Empire, was built in 1730 by III. It was established during the time of Ahmet. Lengerhane, which was one of the main industrial centers three centuries ago, reflects history as the Rahmi Koç museum today.


Hasanpaşa Gazhanesi, which has become a cultural and touristic living area and the brand of Gazhane Museum, is one of the important industrial archeology sites of Istanbul. Hasanpaşa Gazhanesi, which began its operations in 1891 as the city’s last gas station to light Istanbul, was used as a high-tech gas company.


Feshane-i Amire, which started with the production of fez, performed different weaving tasks over the years. This first textile factory in Istanbul, which has been a cultural production center since 1986, is preparing to be used as a museum after extensive restoration.


Today, Silahtarağa Power Plant, which is one of the main centers of artistic and cultural activities under the name of SantralIstanbul, is recorded as the first city power plant of the Ottoman Empire.


The Küçükçekmece Match Factory, one of the last factories of the Ottoman Empire, was established in 1898. The factory building was restored in 2014 after being vacant for almost 100 years. Today, the facility is used as an ammunition field under the British name.


Tophane-i Amire, which began to serve as the first industrial center in 1453 with the conquest of Istanbul, has its current building.

It was reunited in 1743. Tophane has been continuing its education and cultural production within the body of Mimar Sinan University of Arts since 1992.


The Beykoz Leather and Shoe Factory, which has made its mark among Istanbul’s oldest factories, began production in 1812. The historic site continues to serve as a film set and cultural event center since 2004.


The shipyards of Haliç, which is the first industrial center established after the conquest of Istanbul, is also one of the addresses of the industrial revolution. Along with the industrial transformation area, its foundation was laid in 2019, it serves as a new industrial park under the name of Tersane Istanbul.


The 36th Ford assembly plant was established at the Tophane pier, which was run by the Istanbul Chamber of Commerce in those years. Tophane, which was once the center of trade and industry, is today one of the most important cultural and touristic areas of Istanbul under the name of Galataport.

Monday, May 29, 2023