LOMBOK INSIDE – Indonesia is a democratic country that places the people as the highest power holders in the government structure. Democracy as described by Abraham Lincoln (16th President of the United States), is a system of government of the people, by the people, and for the people.
One of the government systems in question is the process of political groups to determine leaders and the formation of representatives of the people in the parliament expected by the people in a certain country.
One of the manifestations of democracy in Indonesia is by holding elections
The General Election (ELECTION) which is regularly held every 5 years. Reported by Lombok Insider on Friday, May 26, 2023.
In 2024, Indonesia will hold its 13th democracy event (PEMILU) with the election of the President and Vice President, the People’s Representative Council (DPR), the Provincial Representative Council (DPD), as well as the Provincial and State Representative Councils .
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Since June 2022, election organizers have started various steps, starting from planning, updating voter data and preparing voter lists until April 2023.
In accordance with Law No. 10 of 2008 regarding the Elections of the DPR, DPD and DPRD, political parties must include a minimum of 30 percent representation of women in their establishment and management at the central and regional levels (Article 8 and 53).
In addition, Section 245 of Law (UU) Number 7 of 2017 regarding Elections, clearly mandates that the list of candidates in each election district should have at least 30 percent representation of women. Where this requires representation of women from each political party in each constituency (dapil) of at least 30%. This is one of the thrusts of the ongoing Gender Mainstreaming (PUG) in the governance structure.
In the 2019 election, the level of representation of women was 20.52%. This number has not yet reached the level of 30%. Of course, this figure is a different homework for the ELECTION organizers so that in the 2024 election the number of women’s representation can increase. Supposedly, through the difficulty of the rules made in the election, it can force all parties to expand opportunities to fulfill the responsibility of fulfilling the quota of women, thus forcing political parties to continue further in providing political education to women and trying to fulfill that quota. for running for women.
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This is because political parties play an important role in improving the quality of women politicians. Political parties must ensure that women in this political group are decision makers, not just fulfilling the 30% requirement.
On the other hand, the election rate of female candidates is also low, not even compared to the number of female voters. As was the case with the total number of voters in the 2019 election yesterday, according to Minute No. 211/PL.02.1-BA/01/KPU/IX/2018 and Minute No. 212/PL.02.1-BA/01/KPU/IX/2018 there were 185,732. 093, where there were 2% more women voters with a total of 92,929,422 and 92,802,671 men. This does not guarantee the election of women to reach 30% of the seats.
Only 120 out of 575 seats or equal to 20.8% of female candidates have succeeded in occupying parliamentary seats at the national level. At least 30% of women should be able to occupy legislative seats, at least 172 people.
This is consistent with what happened in the regions. In East Java, for example, the number of women voters in the 2019 election was 15,686,939 out of a total of 30,912,994 voters. The difference is 2% more than male voters. However, according to Puskapol statistics, the number of women candidates elected is only 24% or 20 of the 120 political seats available. Where it should be 30% like 35 people.
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